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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (previously known as the Organization of the Islamic Conference)

Said Mahmoudi

Subject(s):
Regional co-operation — Security assistance — Regional organizations

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (‘OIC’) (formerly the Organization of the Islamic Conference) is an international organization, but differs from other international organizations by basing its membership on a religious identity ( International Organizations or Institutions, Membership ). Its members are States predominantly from Asia and Africa. Its existence has been justified as a response to the need for solidarity between the Muslim populations of the Member States to achieve political and economic strength. 2 When it comes to the origin of the OIC,...
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