North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- Military assistance — Armed forces — Collective security — Self-defence
Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (‘NATO’) is an international organization established on the basis of the North Atlantic Treaty. It was agreed upon in 1949 against the background of World War II and in light of the growing tensions between East and West, culminating in the Cold War (1947–91). Hopes that the wartime alliance against Nazi Germany would endure after 1945 did not materialize and the UN Charter proved incapable of accommodating inter-allied differences, which had arisen during the war. 2 The Treaty of Brussels of 17 March 1948 (Treaty for...