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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

United Nations (UN)

Jochen A Frowein

Subject(s):
Universal international organizations

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 When the United Nations Charter was adopted in San Francisco on 26 June 1945, World War II had ended on the European continent but still continued in the Pacific. The decision to establish an organization embracing all countries in the world to preserve the peace after the war had come to an end goes back to the Atlantic Charter (1941) of 14 August 1941 (204 LNTS 384), in which President Franklin D Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill declared that ‘after the final destruction of the Nazi tyranny, they hope to see established a peace which will afford...
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