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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Submarine Warfare

J Ashley Roach

Subject(s):
Warfare, sea — Military assistance — Armed conflict — Neutrality and non-alignment — Weapons — Ships / vessels — Territorial sea — High seas — Conduct of hostilities

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The submarine, capable of combat on or under the sea’s surface, was first extensively used in World War I by Great Britain and Germany ( Naval Warfare ; Submarines ; Warfare, Methods and Means ). Initially the German U-boat was intended to attack British fleet units, weakening the Grand Fleet until the German Fleet could engage it with a prospect of success. The U-boats were, however, almost totally unsuccessful both in weakening the Grand Fleet and also in their later attempts to prevent the US army from reaching Europe. By 1917, increasing numbers of U-boats...
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