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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Military Tribunals

Michael Gibson

Subject(s):
Peace keeping — Armed forces — Humanitarian intervention — International criminal courts and tribunals — Armed conflict — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Gross violations

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Military tribunals have existed in various forms since mankind first formed armies and commanders realized the necessity of exercising discipline over their soldiers. The degree of their compliance with international legal obligations of States has become of increasing relevance because there are currently few more pressing topics in international human rights and international criminal law than the avoidance of impunity, dealing with massive unresolved backlogs of cases in situations of transitional justice, and dealing with the past abuses of military regimes....
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