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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Military Forces Abroad

Thomas Desch

Subject(s):
Armed forces — Military assistance — Self-defence — Conduct of hostilities — Armed conflict — Customary international law — State practice

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Military Forces Abroad (‘MFA’) means the presence of armed forces personnel of a State on the territory of another State to fulfil official duties. The presence of MFA in res communis areas, such as the high seas or Antarctica , is not further elaborated here as the respective rules are dealt with in other articles. Military forces are being sent abroad for a variety of purposes such as peacetime transit; training exercises or routine alliance stationing; for crisis-response operations, such as disaster relief, search and rescue, or peacekeeping operations;...
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