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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Hans-Peter Gasser

Subject(s):
Responsibility of non-state actors — Armed conflict — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Protected persons and property — Insurgents and insurrection — Occupation — Prisoners of war — Customary international law

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The International Committee of the Red Cross defines its mission as follows: The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose exclusively humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war and other situations of violence and to provide them with assistance. The ICRC also endeavours to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening humanitarian law and universal humanitarian principles. Established in 1863, the ICRC is at the origin of the Geneva Conventions and the...
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