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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Geneva Conventions I–IV (1949)

Hans-Peter Gasser

Subject(s):
Use of force, war, peace and neutrality — Armed conflict — Prisoners of war — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Protected persons and property — Belligerence — Occupation

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 are at the centre of international humanitarian law ( Humanitarian Law, International ). This is the branch of international law that, for humanitarian reasons, sets limits to resort to force in armed conflicts between States or within a State, between government forces and armed groups, or among armed groups. In particular, international humanitarian law limits the right of parties to an armed conflict in their choice of methods and means of warfare ( Warfare, Methods and Means ). Its provisions also protect persons...
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