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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Enemy Property

Hans-Georg Dederer

Subject(s):
Geneva Conventions 1949 — Occupation — Belligerence — Weapons — Armed conflict — Reprisals — Necessity — Military assistance

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 International law does not specifically define the term ‘enemy property’ nor the separate terms ‘enemy’ and ‘property’. The term ‘enemy’ ( Enemies and Enemy Subjects ) relates to armed conflicts ( Armed Conflict, International ; Armed Conflict, Non-International ). During an armed conflict, the term ‘enemy’ signifies the adversarial party. In conformity with its usage in instruments of international humanitarian law ( Humanitarian Law, International ), eg in conventions, declarations, or manuals, the term ‘enemy’ typically applies to international armed...
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