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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Blockade

Wolff Heintschel von Heinegg

Subject(s):
Belligerence — Warfare, air — Warfare, land — Warfare, sea — Economic sanctions — Armed conflict, international

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 A blockade is a belligerent operation to prevent vessels and/or aircraft of all nations, enemy and neutral ( Neutrality in Naval Warfare ), from entering or exiting specified ports, airports, or coastal areas belonging to, occupied by, or under the control of an enemy nation. The purpose of establishing a blockade is to deny the enemy the use of enemy and neutral vessels or aircraft to transport personnel and goods to or from enemy territory ( Transit of Goods over Foreign Territory ). In view of its impact on the commercial relations between the blockaded...
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