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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Armed Conflict, Non-International

Thilo Marauhn, Zacharie F Ntoubandi

Subject(s):
Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Occupation — Weapons — Prisoners of war — Conduct of hostilities

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The distinction between international and non-international armed conflict is firmly rooted in today’s law of armed conflict ( Humanitarian Law, International ). States have adhered to this distinction because they consider their relationship with non-State actors as being different from inter-State relationships. Above all, States do not want to legitimise rebels, terrorists ( Terrorism ), or other armed groups. Historically, the law of armed conflict only applied to sovereign States ( Sovereignty ) fighting each other; non-international conflicts were subject...
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