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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Air Defence Identification Zones

J Ashley Roach

Subject(s):
Warfare, air — Civil aviation — Exclusive economic zone — Territorial sea — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea)

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 An Air Defence Identification Zone (‘ADIZ’) is a defined area of airspace within which civil aircraft are required to identify themselves. These zones are established above the exclusive economic zone (‘EEZ’) or high seas adjacent to the coast, and over the territorial sea , internal waters , and land territory. The legal basis for such zones is the right of States, under the Convention on International Civil Aviation of 1944 ( Chicago Convention [1944] ), to establish conditions and procedures for entry into their national airspace, ie, the airspace over their...
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