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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Transitional Justice: Institutional Mechanisms and Contextual Dynamics

Wen-Chen Chang, Yi-Li Lee

Subject(s):
Transitional justice — Individual criminal responsibility — Amnesty — Statehood, legitimacy — Reparations — Truth and Reconciliation Commissions

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Transitional justice is a set of mechanisms through which a new democratic government that has emerged from a dictatorship or from civil conflicts seeks to deal with its dark past and move forward to a brighter future ( Méndez 1271 ). The primary aims of transitional justice focus on acknowledging past wrongdoings, providing reparations to victims, and bringing the perpetrators to justice. Along with the development of regime change and constitutional (re-)construction since World War II, recent decades have witnessed an expansion of transitional justice...
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