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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]


Vladyslav Lanovoy

Aiding and abetting — Responsibility of international organizations — Attribution — Responsibility of states — Wrongful acts

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Complicity (aid or assistance) is a form of knowing involvement of one subject of international law in a breach of an international obligation attributable to another. Complicity, also known as aiding and abetting, is equally a form of individual liability in most domestic legal systems and in international criminal law ( Criminal Responsibility, Modes of ). This contribution addresses only the responsibility of States and international organizations for complicity in a wrongful act of another State or international organization. 2 The general rule on...
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