Precautions in Attack
Wolff Heintschel von Heinegg
- Geneva Conventions 1949 Additional Protocol 1 — Military objectives — Proportionality
Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1 The object and purpose of the duty to take precautions in attack is to improve the protection of the civilian population, civilians and civilian objects against the effects of hostilities and it, thus, is a necessary corollary of the principle of distinction ( Civilian Population in Armed Conflict ). Other than the prohibition of excessive collateral damage ( Proportionality and Collateral Damage ), it is procedural in nature and in most parts dependent upon objective rather than subjective criteria. The obligation is relative insofar as the concept of...