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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Marine Protected Areas

Sarah Wolf, Jan Asmus Bischoff

Subject(s):
Exclusive economic zone — Pollution — Exclusive fishery zone — Marine living resources — Flag state — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Straits — Innocent passage — Biodiversity — Sustainable development

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The term ‘marine protected area’ (‘MPA’) is generally used to describe a marine region located in a coastal State’s maritime zone or on the high seas that has a special protective status because of its ecological, biological, scientific, or historical importance. Despite common usage of this term in international documents, there is no universally accepted legal definition. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, for instance, defines a MPA as: Any area of intertidal or subtidal terrain, together with its overlying waters...
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