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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Nuclear Weapons Advisory Opinions

Michael Bothe

Pollution — Use of force, prohibition — Weapons, nuclear — Armed conflict — Conduct of hostilities

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 A coalition of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) exercised political pressure for a number of years in order that the International Court of Justice (ICJ) would pronounce a legal opinion on the legality or otherwise of the use of nuclear weapons, a political move called the ‘World Court Project’. This move first succeeded in the World Health Organization (WHO) . On 23 May 1993, the Assembly of the WHO adopted resolution WHA 46.40 asking the ICJ to answer the following question: In view of the health and environmental effects, would the use of nuclear weapons...
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