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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Solidarity Rights (Development, Peace, Environment, Humanitarian Assistance)

Petra Minnerop-Röben, Naomi Roht-Arriaza, Sara C Aminzadeh

Subject(s):
Access to information — Collective rights — Human rights remedies — Rights holders — Sustainable development — Customary international law — General principles of international law

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Karel Vasak coined the term ‘solidarity rights’ in an article written for the UNESCO Courier in 1977. He suggested that after the international recognition of human rights of the so-called ‘first generation’, ie civil and political rights in the traditional sense (see also International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights [1966] [‘ICCPR’]), and following the acknowledgement of human rights of the ‘second generation’, ie economic and social rights (see also International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights [1966] [‘ICESCR’]) it was time to...
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