Part V Climate Change Litigation, Ch.20 Institutions and Expertise: The Role of Science in Climate Change Lawmaking
Edited By: Cinnamon P. Carlarne, Kevin R. Gray, Richard Tarasofsky
- Natural resources — Climate change — Environmental disputes — Pollution — United Nations (UN) — Arbitration
This chapter examines how international legal institutions foster cooperation in the presence of scientific uncertainty, especially in the area of international climate change law. It analyses the theory of epistemic institutions and applies it to the primary international scientific organization working on climate change issues, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The IPCC’s assessment reports play a major role in setting the terms of the public debate about climate change negotiations that takes place within the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Although independent of the UNFCCC, the IPCC’s work product is thus a key input into the UNFCCC’s efforts to negotiate international climate change rules. However, the IPCC’s credibility has been called into question due to a relative lack of participation by scientists from developing countries in the assessment process.