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The Law of International Responsibility edited by Crawford, James; Pellet, Alain; Olleson, Simon; Parlett (Assistant), Kate (20th May 2010)

Part II International Responsibility—Development and Relation with Other Laws, Ch.5 Doctrines of State Responsibility

Martti Koskenniemi

From: The Law of International Responsibility

Edited By: James Crawford, Alain Pellet, Simon Olleson, Kate Parlett (Assistant)

Responsibility of states — Responsibility of individuals — Countermeasures
To discuss doctrines may seem to suggest that there is somewhere an international law in an ‘innocent’, substantive sense—in the sense of its treaties and customs, rules and principles—but that there are, in some other place, a set of ‘doctrines about inter national law’—abstract justifications and ‘isms’ of which the former appear as inferences or instances. Such use of the word ‘doctrine’ reflects what Raymond Williams has pointed out as its deterioration ‘from a body of teaching (neutral or positive) to an abstract and inflexible position’. 1 In other words,...
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