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The Creation of States in International Law, 2nd Edition by Crawford, James R (15th March 2007)

Part II Modes of the Creation of States in International Law, Ch.9 Secession

James Crawford

From: The Creation of States in International Law (2nd Edition)

James R Crawford

Until 1914, secession was the most conspicuous and probably the most common method of the creation of new States. The period 1776 to 1900 saw, amongst other cases, the American War of Independence, the revolution of the former Spanish colonies of South and Central America, the secession of Greece from the Ottoman Empire and of Belgium from the Netherlands. In the period since 1919, new States have been more often created with the consent of the former sovereign, especially in course of decolonization. But attempts at secession—which may be defined as the creation...
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