Part V Regional Perspectives on Global Ocean Governance, 15 The Australian and Antarctic Perspective on Global Ocean Governance
Edited By: David Joseph Attard, David M Ong, Dino Kritsiotis
- Biodiversity — Marine environment, protection
This chapter examines issues of global ocean governance in Australia and Antarctica. It first provides an overview of Australia's law and policy framework for ocean governance as well as its maritime jurisdiction before discussing issues regarding management of rights and responsibilities on Australia's extended continental shelf. It then considers Australia's engagement with regional initiatives to conserve and sustainably use marine biodiversity, and the ways it addresses global and regional maritime security. In particular, it analyses the Australian Oceans Policy on maritime security and how it evolved in response to rising instances of ‘people-smuggling’ incidents to establish both national and regional policies against this practice. The chapter goes on to assess ocean governance in Antarctica, focusing on the Antarctic Treaty and the cooperation among its partners in the development of a comprehensive environmental protection regime which applies to marine areas both within and beyond national jurisdiction.