Part V Regional Perspectives on Global Ocean Governance, 13 The Latin American Perspective on Global Ocean Governance
Ximena Hinrichs Oyarce
Edited By: David Joseph Attard, David M Ong, Dino Kritsiotis
- Fisheries — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea)
This chapter examines issues of global ocean governance from a Latin American perspective and how the region may contribute in assisting the United Nations to deal with ocean governance issues at a global level in the coming years. It begins with a discussion of the role played by several Latin American States acting in concert during the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), 1973–1982 to make extended maritime jurisdiction claims. It then considers the main reasons for the Latin American interest in extending their maritime jurisdiction limits, in the form of fisheries, offshore hydrocarbon development, and shipping. It suggests that Latin America has a slightly patchy record of official adherence to UNCLOS, but paints a picture of general compliance by the continent with the normative regime established by the Convention, in particular for its dispute settlement regime.