- Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces
This chapter provides an overview of the ongoing armed conflict between India and Pakistan. It provides key casualty data gathered by local and international media outlets. Hostilities began in 2013 as a result of ongoing dispute over the region of Kashmir. Both India and Pakistan are bound by conventional international humanitarian and human rights law, including customary international humanitarian law (IHL) rules of distinction, proportionality, and precautions in attacks being party to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions and to the 1966 Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Tensions between the two nations began in 1947 after Pakistan supported Muslim insurgency in Kashmir, whose inhabitants consists of people calling for independence from India and the formation of a union with Pakistan. The conflict reached its peak in October of 2014 where at least 26 people were killed and 75 injured. October also saw thousands of civilians being displaced as artillery shelling extended to residential areas.