- Human rights remedies — Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerents — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Peace treaties — Armed forces
This chapter explores the ongoing armed conflict in Thailand between the armed forces of the government and the armed groups Pattani Independence Fighters (Pejuang Kemerdekaan Pattani) and National Revolutionary Front (Barisan Revolusi Nasional). It presents key casualty data provided by the Deep South Incident Database (DSID). All parties to the conflict are bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law, as Thailand is a state party to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions and to other various international treaties. The conflict originated in the 1960s as an ethnic and religious separatist insurgency in the Malay Patani Region, made up of the three southernmost provinces of Thailand. Even though the region is under Thai control, most of its inhabitants still retain their Muslim Malay heritage, thereby causing tension with the predominantly Buddhist Thai ruling government. Overall, there were 1791 casualties reported by the DSID.