- Human rights remedies — Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces
This chapter provides an account of the ongoing armed conflicts in Sudan between the armed forces of the government and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) in Darfur, and with JEM and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army-North (SPLM-North) in North and South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. It presents key casualty data gathered by the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED), Conflict Barometer, the Human Rights Watch, the UN, and local and international media outlets. The conflict began in early 2003 when the SPLM-North and the JEM began fighting the government in response to the oppression of non-Arabs in the Darfur region. Some pro-government Arab militias were also accused of practicing ‘ethnic cleansing’ against the non-Arabs of the region. Waves of attacks in Darfur by government forces continued which led to the displacement of three million people. Data also shows that there were 3,982 deaths in 2014.