- Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Military necessity — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces
This chapter describes the ongoing armed conflict in Nigeria between the government forces and the jihadist rebel group Boko Haram. It presents key casualty data gathered by the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED). Both parties to the conflict are bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law, as Nigeria is a state party to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions and to other various international treaties. The conflict emerged from increasing tensions between Nigeria's religious and ethnic groups. One of the religious groups, Boko Haram, killed hundreds of people in July of 2009 as part of their protest in order to force the government to impose Shari'a law on the entire country. On 14 April 2014, the group continued their outcry for Shari'a law by abducting 276 schoolgirls from the town of Chibok. Casualty tracking by ACLED reported somewhere between 7,500 to 10,000 fatalities in 2014.