- Human rights remedies — Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — War crimes — Belligerence — Belligerents — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces
This chapter outlines the ongoing armed conflict in Iraq between the Iraqi armed forces and the Islamic State (IS). It presents key casualty data gathered by the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) and the Agence France-Presse. All parties to the conflict are bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law, as Iraq is party to the four 1949 Geneva conventions and to other various international treaties. Since 2011, tensions have risen in Iraq over the increased alienation of the country's Sunni minority. These tensions were manifested in anti-government protests across the country in late 2011. The IS quickly took advantage of the growing demonstrations and expanded their operations in Iraq, eventually gaining the power to establish a caliphate consisting of lands from Iraq and Syria. Their growing power is reflected in the high number of casualties reported as UNAMI recorded 35,408 civilian casualties in 2014.