- Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — War crimes — Belligerence — Belligerents — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces
This chapter describes the ongoing armed conflict in India between the Naxalites, followers of Maoism, and the government. It provides key casualty data gathered by the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP). Both parties to the conflict are bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law, as India is party to the four 1949 Geneva conventions and to other various international treaties. The conflict originates from the 1960s when India's Maoist insurgency began in the forests of the state of West Bengal. The insurrection continues up to the present day with the Naxalites, now led by Koteshwar Rao, having more than 6,000 casualties, evidence of their growing number of support. Estimates reported in 2013 suggested Maoist rebels could number up to 40,000. However, the SATP has reported a declining trend in fatalities from both sides, from 1,180 in 2010 to 314 in 2014.