- Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Belligerents — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Humanitarian intervention — Armed forces
This chapter discusses the ongoing armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with government forces together with the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) battling several armed groups including the ADF-NALU and the Mai-Mai. It presents key casualty data gathered by the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data (ACLED), UN, and local and international media outlets. All parties to the conflicts are bound by customary international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law, as the DRC is party to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions and other various international treaties. With an estimated casualty rate of up to 1,200 people a day, the DRC is the site of one of the world's worst ongoing humanitarian crises. Prior to a ceasefire agreement signed on 23 July 2014, there were at least 2,689 total conflict-related fatalities in CAR, including 1,424 civilian deaths.