- Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — War crimes — Belligerence — Belligerents — Military objectives — Peace treaties — Armed forces
This chapter describes the Russian Federation's ongoing military occupation of Georgia, which started at the end of the Russo-Georgian War in 2008. Both countries are bound by conventional international humanitarian and human rights law, including customary international humanitarian law (IHL). The conflict traces its roots to 1991–2 when the Georgian regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia attempted to break away to form an independent state with close ties to Russia. On 14 May 1994, the parties signed in Moscow the Agreement on a Ceasefire and Separation of Forces, agreeing to the deployment of a peacekeeping force from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) composed mainly of Russian troops. Throughout the years, sporadic clashes have continued as Russian forces continue to occupy Georgian lands. In 2013, Russia completely annexed the areas of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, granting their citizens Russian citizenship.