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The War Report: Armed Conflict in 2014 edited by Bellal, Annyssa (1st December 2015)

Part II Situations of Armed Conflict in 2014, Situations of Armed Conflict in 2014, Military occupation of Georgia by the Russian Federation in 2014

Annyssa Bellal

From: The War Report: Armed Conflict in 2014

Edited By: Annyssa Bellal

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 19 February 2019

Subject(s):
Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — War crimes — Belligerence — Belligerents — Military objectives — Peace treaties — Armed forces

This chapter describes the Russian Federation's ongoing military occupation of Georgia, which started at the end of the Russo-Georgian War in 2008. Both countries are bound by conventional international humanitarian and human rights law, including customary international humanitarian law (IHL). The conflict traces its roots to 1991–2 when the Georgian regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia attempted to break away to form an independent state with close ties to Russia. On 14 May 1994, the parties signed in Moscow the Agreement on a Ceasefire and Separation of Forces, agreeing to the deployment of a peacekeeping force from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) composed mainly of Russian troops. Throughout the years, sporadic clashes have continued as Russian forces continue to occupy Georgian lands. In 2013, Russia completely annexed the areas of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, granting their citizens Russian citizenship.

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