- Military assistance — Security assistance — Armed conflict, international — Armed conflict, non-international — Armed forces
This chapter describes Armenia's military occupation of Azerbaijan in 2014. It presents key casualty data gathered by local and international media outlets. Both countries are bound by conventional international humanitarian and human rights law, including customary international humanitarian law (IHL). According to IHL, the law of military occupation is a temporary situation which lasts until a political agreement is reached. The Occupying Power is also administering the local life of the population under its control, maintaining it as it was prior to the occupation as closely as possible, and for providing security. The conflict traces its roots from the dispute over the region of Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan, populated mainly by ethnic Armenians. In July and August of 2014, Azerbaijan conducted frequent sniper attacks both in Nagorno-Karabakh and in other bordering regions of Armenia as part of attempts to regain control over the contested region. Data from media sources stated that there were at least 88 casualties in 2014.