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Russia - Pigs (EU), European Union v Russian Federation, Panel Report, WT/DS475/R, ITL 162 (WTO 2016), 19th August 2016, Panel Reports

Russia - Pigs (EU), European Union v Russian Federation, Panel Report, WT/DS475/R, ITL 162 (WTO 2016), 19th August 2016, Panel Reports

To what extent a World Trade Organization (‘WTO’) member’s measures could be determined to be ‘based on’ relevant international standards under Articles 3(1) and3(2) of the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures (‘SPS Agreement’).

Whether and to what extent a WTO member’s measures could be determined to be adapted to regional conditions under Articles 6(1), 6(2), and 6(3) of the SPS Agreement.

Under what conditions a WTO member’s measures in the operation of control, inspection, and approval procedures, could be determined to have complied with the provisions of Article 8 and Annex C of the SPS Agreement.

When a WTO member’s measures could be determined as based on scientific principles and a risk assessment under Articles 2(2), 5(1), and 5(2) of the SPS Agreement, and under what circumstances could such a measure be maintained provisionally under Article 5(7) of the SPS Agreement.

Whether and to what extent a WTO member’s appropriate level of sanitary or phytosanitary protection under Articles 5(3), 5(4)and 5(6) of the SPS Agreement affected the member’s risk assessment under Articles 5(1) and 5(2) of the SPS Agreement.

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