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Constituent instruments of major international organizations


The key to understanding international organizations is correctly interpreting their founding treaties. These headnotes analyse the text and impact of the constituent instruments of 17 international organizations. They shed light on the workings of each organization but, collectively, provide interesting insight into the different choices that were made when setting up these organizations, often of course for political reasons. Considering these treaties together creates an opportunity to compare and contrast the powers and procedures of some of the world’s most important bodies.

The Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization

Arms Trade Treaty (establishing the Arms Trade Treaty Secretariat)

Articles of Agreement of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)

The Charter of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

The Charter of the Collective Security Treaty Organization

The Charter of the Organization of American States

Constitution of the International Criminal Police Organization-INTERPOL

Constitution of the International Telecommunication Union

Constitution of the World Health Organization

Constitutive Treaty of the Union of South American Nations

Convention Establishing the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

Convention Establishing the European Free Trade Association

Declaration on the Establishment of the Arctic Council

International Organization for Standards Statutes

Statute of the European Investment Bank

Statute of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

Statutes of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute

Treaty on the Establishment of the Eurasian Economic Community