The 25th anniversary of the establishment of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)
The ICTY opened its doors 25 years ago, created by Resolution 827 of the United Nations Security Council, which was passed on May 25th 1993. Established to deal with crimes that took place during the conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990’s, the Tribunal was the first court to undertake the prosecution and adjudication of the gravest international crimes since the post-World War II Nuremberg and Tokyo trials. During its 14 year mandate (and a staggering 10,800 trial days), the ICTY indicted 161 individuals, sentencing 90 for crimes against humanity, genocide, violations of the law of customs of war, and grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions. Despite its criticism, the ICTY irreversibly changed the landscape of international criminal and humanitarian law.
To mark the 25th anniversary of its establishment, we have curated the following collection of content exploring the Tribunal’s influence and legacy.
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 827 (1993) on the establishment of the International Tribunal for Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991, 25th May 1993 (UN Doc S/RES/827(1993)), OXIO 12
- Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, 25th May 1993 (UN Doc S/RES/827(1993)), OXIO 66
- International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) by Fausto Pocar
- Blaškić Case by Gideon Boas
- Lašva Valley, Prosecutor (on the application of Croatia) v Blaškic (Tihomir), Judgment on the request of the Republic of Croatia for the review of the decision of Trial Chamber II of 18 July 1997, 29th October 1997 (Case no IT-95-14/AR108bis), OXIO 248
- Delalic´ Case by Alexander Kees
- Galić Case by Daniel Heilmann
- Prosecutor v Duško Tadić aka ‘Dule’, Decision on the defence motion for interlocutory appeal on jurisdiction, 2nd October 1995 (Case No IT-94-1-AR72, (1996) 35 ILM 32), OXIO 62
- Lašva Valley, Prosecutor v Zlatko Aleksovski, 24th March 2000 (Case no IT-95-14/1-A), OXIO 281
- United Nations General Assembly Resolution 64/298 Request for an advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on whether the unilateral declaration of independence of Kosovo is in accordance with international law, 9th September 2010 (UN Doc A/RES/64/298), OXIO 207
- Kosovo (Advisory Opinion) by Ralph Wilde
- Stichting Mothers of Srebrenica and ors v Netherlands and United Nations, Final appeal judgment, LJN: BW1999, ILDC 1760 (NL 2012), 13th April 2012, Netherlands; Supreme Court [HR]
- The Challenge of Accountability for Conflict-related Sexual Violence Crimes, by Michelle Jarvis, from Prosecuting Conflict-Related Sexual Violence at the ICTY Edited by Baron Serge Brammertz, Michelle Jarvis
- The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: The Third Wang Tieya Lecture by Mohamed Shahabuddeen from the Chinese Journal of International Law
- The Afterlife of a Tribunal by Diane Orentlicher from Some Kind of Justice
- Part 4 Adjudication Within the United Nations System, 31 Criminal Tribunals Established by, or in Relationship with, the UN, by Dame Rosalyn Higgins DBE, QC, Philippa Webb, Dapo Akande, Sandesh Sivakumaran, and James Sloan, from Oppenheim's International Law: United Nations
- 25 years of contemporary war crimes tribunals: what have we learned? by Diane Orentlicher
Image credit: UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY Building). CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons.