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The 18th-century Antecedents of the Concert of Europe II: The Quadruple Alliance of 1718

By: Randall Lesaffer


With the Triple Alliance of 4 January 1717 (30 CTS 65 ) Britain and France affirmed their adherence to the peace settlement of Utrecht-Rastatt-Baden. Both great powers rejected—for the time being—the option of exploiting the outstanding differences between the Emperor Charles VI (1685–1740), Spain, and Savoy over Italy to their own advantage. They chose to join efforts to try to settle these differences and thus finalize the work of Utrecht. Already during the final months of 1716, the two architects of the Triple Alliance, the British James Stanhope (1673–1721) and the French Guillaume Dubois (1666–1723), were trying to draw the three contending powers into a compromise.

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