Restitution in Early-modern Peace Treaties: The Case of the Dutch-Spanish Peace Treaty of Münster (1648)—Part I
By: Randall Lesaffer
Image credit: "The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster, 15 May 1648", public domain via Wikimedia Commons.
When Clive Parry endeavoured upon his collection of historic treaties in the late 1960s, he took Westphalia (1648) as its starting point. The first treaty included in The Consolidated Treaty Series, however, was not one of the actual two treaties which constitute the so-called Peace of Westphalia—the Treaties of Münster and Osnabrück of 24 October 1648 (1 CTS 271 and 1 CTS 119) but the Dutch-Spanish Peace Treaty, which was signed at Münster on 30 January 1648 (1 CTS 1).