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The Wars of Louis XIV in Treaties (Part I): The Secret Treaty of Vienna (19 January 1668)

By: Randall Lesaffer


Image credit: "Arrivée de Louis XIV au siège de Lille", public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

After weeks of extensive albeit secretive meetings, on 19 January 1668, Johann Weikhard (1615–1677), Prince of Auersperg, a top minister of the Emperor Leopold I (1640–1705), and Jacques Bretel de Grémonville (1625–1686), knight of the Order of Malta and representative of the French King Louis XIV (1638–1715) at the Habsburg court in Vienna, put their signature to a secret compact between their sovereigns (10 CTS 385). The treaty affirmed the peace between France and the Austrian Habsburgs and provided for the partition of the Spanish Monarchy in case of the premature death, without issue, of the sickly boy-king of Spain, Charles II (1661–1700).

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