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The Diplomatic Revolution: The Second Treaty of Versailles (1757)

In mid-October 1756, a brief pamphlet entitled ‘Letter of Cardinal Richelieu to the King of Prussia’ was published and sent around Europe. In the little satirical piece, the grounder of France’s ascendancy in Europe applauded the recent victories of Frederick II of Prussia over the Austrian Habsburgs, hailing him as the defender of the true interests of France. Speaking from the Elysian Fields, Richelieu warned his successors against the consequences of their misguided policy which caused them to turn a blind eye to the true ambitions of their newfound Austrian friends, the suppression of the liberty of the German states and domination over the Empire.

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Image credit: Johann Friedrich Nagel [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons  

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