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Janus-faced Mediation: A Treaty for the Pacification of Greece, 1826–1827

By: Viktorija Jakjimovska


Image credit: "The Battle of Navarino, 20 October 1827" by Thomas Luny, public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

The 19th century brought civil wars to the forefront of the international legal agenda. Hostilities within the boundaries of one state were not seen as an international matter except insofar as they constituted a direct threat to the interests of third states, or, more generally, to the equilibrium and repose of Europe. The Greek War of Independence (1821–1832) offers a glimpse into 19th-century third-state attempts at mediation in civil wars. Such practice posed salient questions on the status of a non-state actor on the international plane, the perceived limits of mediation, and the blurry lines between mediation and intervention in the context of civil wars.

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May 30, 2018

New Editorial: Janus-faced Mediation: A Treaty for the Pacification of Greece, 1826–1827

Viktorija Jakjimovska examines the treaty for the pacification of Greece signed in the early 19th century.

May 2, 2018

New Editorial: The Wars of Louis XIV in Treaties (Part I): The Peace Treaty of Aachen [Aix-la-Chapelle] (2 May 1668)

Randall Lesaffer discusses the War of Devolution between France and the Spanish Netherlands, which ended with the Peace treaty of Aachen [Aix-la-Chapelle] on 2 May 1668.

April 5, 2018

New Editorial: Treaties in Declarations and Manifestos of War

Randall Lesaffer explores the bringing together of historical declarations and manifestos of war.

February 28, 2018

New Editorial: The Peace of Brest-Litovsk (3 March 1918)

As we approach the centenary of its signing, read about the Treaty of Peace of Brest-Litovsk, which was instrumental in the Eastern European peace process following WWI.