The Wars of Louis XIV in Treaties (Part II): The Peace Treaty of Aachen [Aix-la-Chapelle] (2 May 1668)
By: Randall Lesaffer
Image credit: "Allégorie en l'honneur de la publication de la paix d'Aix-la-Chapelle" by Jacques Dumont , public domain via Wikimedia Commons.
The French invasion of the Spanish Netherlands in May 1667 marked the beginning of the first, and shortest, offensive war that Louis XIV (1638–1715) would launch during his long, personal rule (1661–1715). The war, known as the War of Devolution, was publicly justified under the claim that Louis’s wife, Maria Theresa (1638–1683), the eldest daughter of the former Spanish King Philip IV (1605–1665), held hereditary rights to part of the Spanish Netherlands. Louis’s legal advisers based this on the combination of two trumped-up, dubious legal claims...