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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Neutralization

Ebrahim Afsah

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 16 February 2019

Subject(s):
Neutrality and non-alignment — Armed attack

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Neutralization is the institution in international law through which a given area is removed from the ambit of lawful armed hostilities. The precise meaning of the concept varies considerably in the literature (Pieper 106; Ruths 41), but there is agreement about its utility as a technical term in international law. 2 While historical examples can be found in earlier as well as later periods, ‘neutralisation is a concept and creation of the 19th century’ (Graham 81) and intimately tied to the principle of the balance of power as the key instrument to maintain...
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