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The Oxford Handbook of International Adjudication edited by Romano, Cesare P R; Alter, Karen J; Shany, Yuval (1st December 2013)

Annex 1 International Judicial Bodies: Recapitulation

Edited By: Cesare P R Romano, Karen Alter, Yuval Shany

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Adjudication

Edited By: Cesare P R Romano, Karen Alter, Yuval Shany

(p. 899) Annex 1  International Judicial Bodies: Recapitulation

Name

Abbreviation

Type

Sub-type

Status

Substatus

Geographic scope

Operational since

Year of creation (if never operational)

Number of states subject to compulsory jurisdiction

Average number of judgments on the merits (2006– 2011)

Seat

Court of the Eurasian Economic Community

CEEC

Regional Court

Operative

Europe/Asia

2012

5

Minsk

Special Tribunal for Lebanon

STL

International Criminal Courts

Hybrids

Operative

Arab Countries

2009

1

0.33

The Hague

(p. 900) Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia

ECCC

International Criminal Courts

Hybrids

Operative

Asia

2006

1

0.17

Phnom Phen

Court of Bosnia & Herzegovina (Section I—War Crimes Chamber)

B&H WCC

International Criminal Courts

Hybrids

Operative

Europe

2005

1

27.67

Sarajevo

ASEAN Appellate Body

ASEAN AB

Regional Court

Inoperative

Dormant

Asia

2005

10

Jakarta

International Criminal Court

ICC

International Criminal Courts

Permanent

Operative

Universal

2004

122

2.17

The Hague

African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights

ACtHPR

Human Rights Courts

Operative

Africa

2004

26

1.33

Arusha

Permanent Review Tribunal of the Mercosur

MPTR

Regional Court

Operative

Americas

2004

6

1.33

Asuncion

Arab Investment Court

AIC

Regional Court

Operative

Arab Countries

2003

19

1.50

Cairo

(p. 901) Court of Justice of the African Union

CJAU

Regional Court

Inoperative

Foresaken

Africa

2003

Special Court for Sierra Leone

SCSL

International Criminal Courts

Hybrids

Operative

Africa

2002

1

0.67

Freetown

Regulation 64 Panels in the Courts of Kosovo

R64

International Criminal Courts

Hybrids

Inoperative

Terminated

Europe

2001

1

Pristina

Caribbean Court of Justice

CCJ

Regional Court

Operative

Americas

2001

12

9.33

Port of Spain

Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States

ECOWAS CJ

Regional Court/HR Court

Operative

Africa

2001

15

7.83

Abuja

East African Community Court of Justice

EACJ

Regional Court

Operative

Africa

2001

5

4.50

Arusha

Serious Crimes Panels in the District Court of Dili, East Timor

SPSC

International Criminal Courts

Hybrids

Inoperative

Terminated

Asia

2000

1

Dili

Court of Justice of the Central African Monetary Community

CEMAC CJ

Regional Court

Operative

Africa

2000

6

N/A

N’Djamena

(p. 902) Southern Africa Development Community Tribunal

SADC T

Regional Court

Operative

Africa

2000

15

4.00

Windhoek

Court of the Union State between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus

RBUS CJ

Regional Court

Inoperative

Foresaken

Europe

1999

2

Court of Justice of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

COMESA CJ

Regional Court

Operative

Africa

1998

1

N/A

Khartoum

Common Court of Justice and Arbitration of the Organization for the Harmonization of Corporate Law in Africa

OHADA CCJ

Regional Court

Operative

Africa

1997

15

63.17

Abidijan

(p. 903) International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

ITLOS

State-Only Courts

Universal

Operative

Universal

1996

33

1.00

Hamburg

Court of Justice of the West African Economic and Monetary Union

WAEMU CJ

Regional Court

Operative

Africa

1996

9

0.83

Ouagadougou

World Trade Organization Appellate Body

WTO AB

State-Only Courts

Universal

Operative

Universal

1995

159

4.33

Geneva

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

ICTR

International Criminal Courts

Ad-Hoc

Operative

Africa

1995

1

6.17

Arusha

European Free Trade Association Court

EFTA C

Regional Court

Operative

Europe

1994

3

14.33

Luxemburg

Central American Court of Justice (Corte Centroamericana de Justicia)

CACJ (Managua)

Regional Court

Operative

Americas

1994

5**

9.33

Managua

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

ICTY

International Criminal Courts

Ad-Hoc

Operative

Europe

1993

7

5.33

The Hague

(p. 904) Economic Court of the Commonwealth of Independent States

ECCIS

Regional Court

Operative

Europe/Asia

1993

9

5.50

Minsk

Court of Justice of the African Economic Community

AEC CJ

Regional Court

Inoperative

Foresaken

Africa

1991

Court of Justice of the Arab Maghreb Union

AMU CJ

Regional Court

Inoperative

Dormant

Arab Countries

1989

5

Nuakchott

International Islamic Court of Justice

IICJ

State-Only Courts

Regional

Inoperative

Foresaken

Arab Countries/Asia

1987

Kuwait

Andean Tribunal of Justice

ATJ

Regional Court

Operative

Americas

1984

4

171.50

Quito

Court of Justice of the Economic Community of Central African States

ECCAS CJ

Regional Court

Inoperative

Foresaken

Africa

1983

(p. 905) Judicial Board of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries

JB OAPEC

Regional Court

Inoperative

Dormant

Americas

1980

10

Kuwait

Inter-American Court of Human Rights

IACtHR

Human Rights Courts

Operative

Americas

1979

20

16.83

San Jose

Benelux Economic Union Court of Justice

BCJ

Regional Court

Operative

Europe

1974

3

3.67

Brussels

European Tribunal on State Immunity

ETSI

Regional Court

Inoperative

Dormant

Europe

1972

6

Strasburg

European Court of Human Rights

ECtHR

Human Rights Courts

Operative

Europe

1959

47

1481.17

Strasburg

Western European Union Tribunal

WEUT

Regional Court

Inoperative

Foresaken

Europe

1957

Luxemburg

European Nuclear Energy Tribunal

ENET

Regional Court

Inoperative

Dormant

Europe

1957

16

Paris

European Court of Justice/Court of Justice of the European Union (since 2010)

CJEU (ECJ)

Regional Court/HR Court

Operative

Europe

1952

28

1087.00

Luxemburg

International Court of Justice

ICJ

State-Only Courts

Universal

Operative

Universal

1946

69

1.83

The Hague

(p. 906) International Military Tribunal for the Far-East

IMTFE

International Criminal Courts

Military

Inoperative

Terminated

Asia

1946

1

Tokyo

International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg

IMT

International Criminal Courts

Military

Inoperative

Terminated

Europe

1945

1

Nuremberg

Arab Court of Justice

ACJ

State-Only Courts

Regional

Inoperative

Foresaken

Arab Countries

1945

Inter-American Court of International Justice

IACIJ

State-Only Courts

Regional

Inoperative

Foresaken

Americas

1938

International Central American Tribunal

ICAT

State-Only Courts

Regional

Inoperative

Foresaken

Americas

1923

(p. 907) Permanent Court of International Justice

PCIJ

State-Only Courts

Universal

Inoperative

Terminated

Universal

1922

45*

The Hague

Central American Court of Justice (Corte de Justicia Centroamericana)

CACJ (Cartago)

State-Only Courts

Regional

Inoperative

Terminated

Americas

1908

5

Cartago, Costa Rica

International Prize Court

IPC

State-Only Courts

Universal

Inoperative

Foresaken

Universal

1907

The Hague

N/A = Data not available; — = Data not applicable or relevant (e.g. because the seat of the body was never selected or because it operated outside the 2006–2011 period).

“Between 1921 and I940, effective declarations were made by forty-five States. Nine States made the declarations without limiting the time of their duration and eight States recognized the jurisdiction for periods of years and thereafter until notice of termination; but in most cases, the declarations were made for a definite period of years, and on the expiration of the period some of them were not renewed. At certain times, declarations were in force for as many as forty-one States; on July 1, 1944, the declarations of twenty-eight States were still in force.” M Hudson, International Tribunals: Past and Future (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Brookings Institution 1944) at 76.

**  The Central American Court of Justice has held that that by virtue of having ratified the Protocol of Tegucigalpa and becoming member of SICA, Costa Rica is ipso facto subject to the jurisdiction of the Court, with no need for separate ratification of the Court’s Statute. Central American Court of Justice, Judgment No. 12-06-12-2011, June 21, 2012 <http://vianica.com/downloads/docs/1.pdf> accessed February 1, 2013. However, Costa Rica has refused to participate in proceedings and rejected the decision.